- Something that the bird dislikes and will try to avoid.
- An example of this is forcing a bird to step up by pushing a hand into the chest or prying toes off a perch.
- Care must be taken, as the use of negative reinforcement can increase aggression and fear responses.
To decide whether something is classified as positive or negative reinforcement, ask yourself “Is the bird doing it because they want to (positive), or because they have to (negative)?”.
Positive reinforcement is preferred in most cases, as this helps build a trusting relationship with your bird.