Corticosteroid Use in Birds

06/25/2015This has been a long ongoing discussion and definitely creates some controversy. Corticosteroids are used for a wide range of conditions in both human and veterinary medicine. Due to the nature of Unusual Pet and Avian medicine, corticosteroid use has been extrapolated from small animal and human medicine. Most of the research conducted for the common disease ...

This has been a long ongoing discussion and definitely creates some controversy. Corticosteroids are used for a wide range of conditions in both human and veterinary medicine. Due to the nature of Unusual Pet and Avian medicine, corticosteroid use has been extrapolated from small animal and human medicine. Most of the research conducted for the common disease processes were done using mainstream animals, may it be dogs or cats.

Corticosteroids use in shock and neurologic injury, to rapidly decrease inflammation, has lost favour according to the American Neurological Surgeons Board. At this stage the disadvantages outweighs advantages. Side effects such as immunosuppression, delayed healing, GI mucosa damage and hepatic disease can occur.

Corticosteroids are used by researchers to immunosuppress birds. The chick embryo model was used to evaluate the detrimental effects of corticosteroids on lymphocyte proliferation by injecting the chickens with ACTH. In these models, the 3 week old chickens showed a leukopenia, mostly due to a lymphopenia (1 hour post injection); after that they showed a leukocytosis due to heterophilia at 4 and 12 hours post injection. The increase of heterophils and decrease of lymphocytes caused an overall suppression of antibody production. The lymphocytes remained in the lymphoid organs. In addition to these changes exogenous glucorticosteroids decrease inducible cellular cytoxiticy; lymphoproliferation, T- Cell immunity, interleukin-2 and gamma – interferon production.

In pigeon’s corticosteroids has had deleterious effects on the liver and possible negative effects on breeding.

All the evidence above shows that exogenous corticosteroid use in avian species may increase susceptibility to infectious agents and disease processes. Here at UPV we have seen a few cases involving corticosteroid use in avian dermatitis and ophthalmic conditions. In most of these cases, there have been a below normal white cell count on blood smear analysis.

The patients with dermatitis suffered from mixed bacterial and fungal dermatitis. These patients were lethargic and in septic shock. Some of these cases responded after aggressive anti-microbial and antifungal treatments.

The cessation of corticosteroids aided an immune response aided by antimicrobial and anti-fungal medication.

Although corticosteroids are useful in some species, think twice before using them in avian species.

Meet the Unusual Pet Vet Team!

06/19/2015Our veterinary team is made up of a number of veterinarians and nurses that have each grown up keeping, breeding and maintaining various collections of birds, reptiles, guinea pigs, rabbits, rats, mice and ferrets. We all absolutely love these exotic animal species. Our combined experience in the unique needs and husbandry of exotic pets combined with the exte...

Our veterinary team is made up of a number of veterinarians and nurses that have each grown up keeping, breeding and maintaining various collections of birds, reptiles, guinea pigs, rabbits, rats, mice and ferrets. We all absolutely love these exotic animal species. Our combined experience in the unique needs and husbandry of exotic pets combined with the extensive amount of time we have dedicated to learn and practice exotic pet medicine and surgery
means that we can offer a very high standard of veterinary care. The vet team includes Dr James Haberfield, Dr Coetzee De Beer, Dr Nicole Su and Dr Vicky Brownlie. All who have a love and interest as well as veterinary expertise in the various types of animals we see at the clinic. Our nurse team includes Jess, Sophie and Ashton who all have a vast knowledge of exotic pets and dedicate their time to nursing and caring for them.

Vetafarm Bird Pellet Range

06/18/2015There are many different avian pellets available. We stock the Vetafarm range as we have found that many birds take to them well and they are readily available for our clients in WA. Other recommended brands include Wombaroo, Roudybush, Tropican, Zupreem and Harrisons.The Vetafarm bird pellet range is a completely balanced extruded pellet diet specifically...

There are many different avian pellets available. We stock the Vetafarm range as we have found that many birds take to them well and they are readily available for our clients in WA. Other recommended brands include Wombaroo, Roudybush, Tropican, Zupreem and Harrisons.

The Vetafarm bird pellet range is a completely balanced extruded pellet diet specifically designed to meet the particular dietary needs of most parrots. The pellets are designed to provide all the nutrition necessary for the long and healthy life of aviary and pet parrots.

The elements needed for full feather production, muscle activity and gut function are all included in this diet. Addition of other nutrients and supplements is not necessary. Key features include balanced vitamins, minerals, calcium and amino acids essential for a stable maintenance diet during the regular season. Extrusion cooked pellets offer a palatable, balanced diet that maintains birds at a healthy weight without excess fat disposition. Eliminates waste associated with seed and ensures a longer, healthier life by providing scientifically formulated nutrition.

Avicultural Society Bird Expo!

06/10/2015The Avicultural Society of Western Australia is holding their annual bird show for 2015 this weekend! Its running over 3 big days from this Saturday 30th May to Monday 1st June. It’s a fantastic show for any bird lover, with many amazing avian species on display. There will also be bird products and accessories for purchase and exhibits to check out.The ...

The Avicultural Society of Western Australia is holding their annual bird show for 2015 this weekend! Its running over 3 big days from this Saturday 30th May to Monday 1st June. It’s a fantastic show for any bird lover, with many amazing avian species on display. There will also be bird products and accessories for purchase and exhibits to check out.

The expo is open to the public from 10am—4pm and is being held at the Cannington Recreation Hall. Entry is $7. We, The Unusual Pet Vets, will be there supporting this great bird lovers society. So make sure you come down to say hello.

PET OF THE MONTH – June 2015

06/01/2015This is COCO a female pink and grey galah who we saw with a broken leg and wing. She had surgery with us and we are happy to say she is now doing great!

This is COCO a female pink and grey galah who we saw with a broken leg and wing. She had surgery with us and we are happy to say she is now doing great!

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