Exotic Pets Need Microchipping Too!

07/11/2015We have all heard of the new dog and cat laws in regards to microchipping. Although there isn't a law for exotic pets we think microchipping them is a fantastic idea!Unlike dogs and cats it can be extremely difficult to reunite lost rabbits, guinea pigs, ferrets, rats and birds with their families. They are very mobile, especially when stressed or scared, ...

We have all heard of the new dog and cat laws in regards to microchipping. Although there isn’t a law for exotic pets we think microchipping them is a fantastic idea!

Unlike dogs and cats it can be extremely difficult to reunite lost rabbits, guinea pigs, ferrets, rats and birds with their families. They are very mobile, especially when stressed or scared, and can travel great lengths when they escape. Another complication for bird owners is that many of the species we keep as pets are also found in the wild, so found or captured ‘wild’ birds may in fact be owned. This is why microchipping is so important. Scanning an animal that has been brought in to a vet clinic, animal shelter or wildlife facility for a microchip is becoming so routine that any microchipped animal should be able to be reunited with their family.

Here at The Unusual Pet Vets we stock ‘midi chips’ which are the perfect size for our smaller patients. Contact us today to book in your exotic pet for a microchip!

Oxbow Supplement Range

07/10/2015Oxbow Animal Health is an internationally-recognized brand committed to serving the needs of small exotic animals by providing superior nutrition. They have developed a supplement range designed for rabbits, guinea pigs and even rats!These supplements are timothy hay-based, high-fibre chews containing essential vitamins to support all of the animal’s bod...

Oxbow Animal Health is an internationally-recognized brand committed to serving the needs of small exotic animals by providing superior nutrition. They have developed a supplement range designed for rabbits, guinea pigs and even rats!

These supplements are timothy hay-based, high-fibre chews containing essential vitamins to support all of the animal’s body systems. Each supplement type contains high quality herbal ingredients specific to targeting particular key areas, and have the delicious taste of fresh timothy grass hay.

The Oxbow supplement range includes:

We were initially sceptical of how effective these supplements would be however have seen some good results.
The full range is available at both our clinic locations.

Metabolic bone disease in rabbits, as well as lizards…..

07/02/2015For years we have realised the importance of calcium supplementation and vitamin D in captive lizards in preventing the incidence of metabolic bone disease (MBD). We are now starting to realise the similar importance in captive rabbits too. MBD seems to be a potential cause of dental disease. Factors which influence the development of dental disease include ge...

For years we have realised the importance of calcium supplementation and vitamin D in captive lizards in preventing the incidence of metabolic bone disease (MBD). We are now starting to realise the similar importance in captive rabbits too. MBD seems to be a potential cause of dental disease. Factors which influence the development of dental disease include genetics, lack of dental wear due to poor diet, and metabolic bone disease (usually from calcium and vitamin D deficiency). Once we have a rabbit with dental problems it is impossible to change the dental anatomy of that rabbit. The main thing we can alter is the diet. Try to follow the following guidelines: Provide ad-lib grass and hay of good quality to promote dental wear and of a calcium content to promote bone mineralisation (Oaten or Timothy Hays are appropriate). Feed a variety of vegetables, safe plants and herbs – many are a balanced source of calcium and are good sources of indigestible fibre. If possible allow exercise outside each day – this allows for grazing and enables the rabbit to bask in the sun. Exercise also encourages gut motility. If needed you can also feed a well-balanced concentrate food to reduce any deficiencies in the diet. A general rule is no more than 1 tablespoon of a good quality pellet fed daily (these prevent selective feeding, where the rabbit chooses low calcium cereals and legumes from the “muesli” type diets). Muesli type diets and seeds should be avoided.

PET OF THE MONTH – July 2015

07/01/2015This is SMALLZ a 5 year old male guinea pig who we have been seeing for dental disease. Smallz carries the lethal gene which caused him to be born blind, deaf and with dental problems. Luckily for this little pig he has a loving owner who takes the very best care of him. We are happy to say he is currently doing very well.

This is SMALLZ a 5 year old male guinea pig who we have been seeing for dental disease. Smallz carries the lethal gene which caused him to be born blind, deaf and with dental problems. Luckily for this little pig he has a loving owner who takes the very best care of him. We are happy to say he is currently doing very well.

Corticosteroid Use in Birds

06/25/2015This has been a long ongoing discussion and definitely creates some controversy. Corticosteroids are used for a wide range of conditions in both human and veterinary medicine. Due to the nature of Unusual Pet and Avian medicine, corticosteroid use has been extrapolated from small animal and human medicine. Most of the research conducted for the common disease ...

This has been a long ongoing discussion and definitely creates some controversy. Corticosteroids are used for a wide range of conditions in both human and veterinary medicine. Due to the nature of Unusual Pet and Avian medicine, corticosteroid use has been extrapolated from small animal and human medicine. Most of the research conducted for the common disease processes were done using mainstream animals, may it be dogs or cats.

Corticosteroids use in shock and neurologic injury, to rapidly decrease inflammation, has lost favour according to the American Neurological Surgeons Board. At this stage the disadvantages outweighs advantages. Side effects such as immunosuppression, delayed healing, GI mucosa damage and hepatic disease can occur.

Corticosteroids are used by researchers to immunosuppress birds. The chick embryo model was used to evaluate the detrimental effects of corticosteroids on lymphocyte proliferation by injecting the chickens with ACTH. In these models, the 3 week old chickens showed a leukopenia, mostly due to a lymphopenia (1 hour post injection); after that they showed a leukocytosis due to heterophilia at 4 and 12 hours post injection. The increase of heterophils and decrease of lymphocytes caused an overall suppression of antibody production. The lymphocytes remained in the lymphoid organs. In addition to these changes exogenous glucorticosteroids decrease inducible cellular cytoxiticy; lymphoproliferation, T- Cell immunity, interleukin-2 and gamma – interferon production.

In pigeon’s corticosteroids has had deleterious effects on the liver and possible negative effects on breeding.

All the evidence above shows that exogenous corticosteroid use in avian species may increase susceptibility to infectious agents and disease processes. Here at UPV we have seen a few cases involving corticosteroid use in avian dermatitis and ophthalmic conditions. In most of these cases, there have been a below normal white cell count on blood smear analysis.

The patients with dermatitis suffered from mixed bacterial and fungal dermatitis. These patients were lethargic and in septic shock. Some of these cases responded after aggressive anti-microbial and antifungal treatments.

The cessation of corticosteroids aided an immune response aided by antimicrobial and anti-fungal medication.

Although corticosteroids are useful in some species, think twice before using them in avian species.

1 2 3 11 12 13 14 15 16 Contact Us Now